Adaptación transcultural y validación de contenido de un cuestionario para explorar las perspectivas de fisioterapeutas de Argentina con respecto al uso de factores contextuales en el dolor musculoesquelético

  • Mauro Federico Andreu Universidad Nacional de la Matanza, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Pablo Policastro KINÉ, Kinesiología Deportiva y Funcional. Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Sergio Adrián Terrasa Departamento de Investigación, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Giacomo Rossettini Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genova, Campus of Savona, Via Magliotto 2, 17100, Savona, SV, Italy
  • Marco Testa Department of Neurosciences, Rehabilitation, Ophthalmology, Genetics, Maternal and Child Health, University of Genova, Campus of Savona, Via Magliotto 2, 17100, Savona, SV, Italy
  • Tatiana Dias de Carvalho Universidad Nacional De La Matanza (Unlam), San Justo, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
  • Yolanda Pardo CIBER en Epidemiología y Salud Pública, CIBERESP, Madrid, Spain
Palabras clave: factores contextuales, dolor musculoesquelético, encuestas y cuestionarios, fisioterapia, traducciones, estudio de validación

Resumen

Objetivo: Describir los procesos de adaptación transcultural al español argentino y validación de contenido de la versión italiana de un cuestionario para explorar los conocimientos, creencias y actitudes de los fisioterapeutas de Argentina con respecto al uso de factores contextuales en el dolor musculoesquelético.

Materiales y método: El diseño de este estudio es un modelo mixto que incluye métodos cualitativos y cuantitativos dividido en tres etapas: adaptación transcultural, validez de contenido y prueba piloto. Para la validez de contenido, se aplicó el método Delphi modificado de dos rondas y se calcularon el índice de validez de contenido (IVC), la razón de validez de contenido (RVC) y el índice kappa modificado. Se realizó una prueba piloto para determinar la factibilidad y validez de contenido de la versión final.

Resultados: Este estudio incluyó 30 fisioterapeutas. Luego de aplicar los lineamientos recomendados para la traducción y adaptación transcultural, la nueva versión conservó las principales dimensiones de la versión original.  La evaluación de la validez de contenido, realizada por un panel de expertos y mediante entrevistas cognitivas, determinó que los ítems incluidos en la versión resultante eran claros, relevantes y suficientes para el contexto argentino. De acuerdo con los resultados del análisis cuantitativo de la validez de contenido, las estimaciones del IVC, RVC y kappa alcanzaron valores iguales a 1,0.

Conclusión: Utilizando un enfoque sistemático e iterativo, se obtuvo la adaptación transcultural y validez de contenido del cuestionario en términos de claridad, relevancia y suficiencia, lo que permite evaluar a futuro sus propiedades psicométricas.

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Publicado
2022-06-30
Cómo citar
Andreu, M. F., Policastro, P., Terrasa, S. A., Rossettini, G., Testa, M., Dias de Carvalho, T., & Pardo, Y. (2022). Adaptación transcultural y validación de contenido de un cuestionario para explorar las perspectivas de fisioterapeutas de Argentina con respecto al uso de factores contextuales en el dolor musculoesquelético. Argentinian Journal of Respiratory & Physical Therapy, 4(2), 20 - 31. Recuperado a partir de https://revista.ajrpt.com/index.php/Main/article/view/227