Creencias y actitudes de los atletas sobre el dolor lumbar

Estudio transversal, tipo encuesta

  • Andrés Pierobon Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Pablo Oscar Policastro Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Santiago Soliño Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Mauro Federico Andreu Universidad Nacional de la Matanza, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Gabriel Adrián Novoa Universidad de Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • Ignacio Raguzzi Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Federico José Villalba KINÉ kinesiología deportiva y funcional, CABA, Argentina
Palabras clave: Dolor lumbar, biopsicosocial, creencias, atletas, encuestas y cuestionarios

Resumen

Objetivo: Identificar las creencias de los deportistas acerca del dolor lumbar. Como objetivo secundario, proponemos averiguar si las creencias reportadas difieren según la experiencia del dolor lumbar.

Materiales y método: Estudio transversal tipo encuesta. Se invitó a atletas (recreacionales, amateurs y profesionales), mayores de 18 años con o sin dolor lumbar, a participar de una encuesta online a través de las redes sociales. Se utilizó el cuestionario Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ) para evaluar las creencias sobre la espalda. Las opciones de las preguntas del Back-PAQ fueron clasificadas como “positivas”, “neutras” o “negativas”.

Resultados: Un total de 1591 respuestas fueron incluidas en el análisis. La media del puntaje total del Back-PAQ fue 113,1 (Intervalo de Confianza 95%, 112,5 - 113,7) con un puntaje mínimo de 63 y máximo de 148. No se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre los grupos observados (p= 0,51). Los atletas con dolor actual tuvieron creencias menos útiles que aquellos con historia de dolor lumbar: mediana de 115 (rango intercuartílico 108 - 121) versus 113 (rango intercuartílico 105 - 120); p= 0,002.

Conclusión: Los atletas presentaron creencias predominantemente negativas sobre el dolor de espalda, independientemente del nivel de competencia. Prevalecieron los conceptos erróneos sobre la vulnerabilidad de la espalda y la necesidad de protegerla. Se expresaron creencias positivas sobre el pronóstico de un episodio de dolor lumbar.

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Publicado
2022-02-23
Cómo citar
Pierobon, A., Policastro, P. O., Soliño, S., Andreu, M. F., Novoa, G. A., Raguzzi, I., & Villalba, F. J. (2022). Creencias y actitudes de los atletas sobre el dolor lumbar. Argentinian Journal of Respiratory & Physical Therapy, 4(1). Recuperado a partir de https://revista.ajrpt.com/index.php/Main/article/view/191