Estudio epidemiológico de afecciones musculoesqueléticas de hombro en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires

  • Gaston Jorge Muhafara Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Matias Villarruel Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Adriano Cura Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Walter Tozzi Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Antonela Vicente Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Luis Francisco Esperón Hospital Piñero, CABA, Argentina
  • Sandra Salzberg Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Santiago Soliño Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Emiliano Navarro Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
  • Fernando Argento Escuela de Kinesiología, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Buenos Aires
  • Pablo Policastro Hospital Durand, CABA, Argentina
Palabras clave: prevalencia, dolor de hombro, epidemiología, rehabilitación, evaluación en salud, Argentina

Resumen

Objetivo: Determinar la prevalencia, características epidemiológicas y clínicas de pacientes con afecciones de hombro en dos centros de salud en el período de un año. 

Materiales y método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio descriptivo, transversal, prospectivo y multicéntrico a lo largo de un año, donde se incluyeron sujetos con diagnóstico médico de afecciones musculoesqueléticas de hombro, que acudieron al servicio de kinesiología de dos hospitales públicos de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. Se recolectaron y analizaron variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. 

Resultados: Se incluyeron 179 sujetos con una media de edad de 53,64 ± 14,31 años, siendo el 58,7% de sexo femenino. El 75% de la muestra estudiada presentó cuadros clínicos de Dolor de Hombro Asociado al Manguito Rotador (DHAMR). El 72,32% no reportó patología previa en el hombro. El 63,79% no recibió tratamiento kinésico previo. El valor promedio del ASES fue de 49,4 ± 22,08, hallándose diferencias estadísticamente significativas según el género (p= 0,02), nivel educativo (p= 0,02), dolor nocturno (p< 0,001). Se encontró una correlación positiva significativa entre el rango total de movimiento del brazo afectado y el ASES (rho= 0,33, p˂ 0,001).

Conclusión: El presente estudio nos permitió conocer las características epidemiológicas y clínicas de pacientes con afecciones musculoesqueléticas de hombro en dos centros de salud públicos. La prevalencia de las afecciones de hombro fue de 11,38%, siendo las diferentes entidades del DHAMR las más frecuentes. 

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Publicado
2021-07-01
Cómo citar
Muhafara, G. J., Villarruel, M., Cura, A., Tozzi, W., Vicente, A., Esperón, L. F., Salzberg, S., Soliño, S., Navarro, E., Argento, F., & Policastro, P. (2021). Estudio epidemiológico de afecciones musculoesqueléticas de hombro en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires . Argentinian Journal of Respiratory & Physical Therapy, 3(2), 13-21. Recuperado a partir de https://revista.ajrpt.com/index.php/Main/article/view/157